what lawS PROTECT students AT SCHOOL?
school district policies
School district policies in many jurisdictions explicitly prohibit discrimination in schools based on gender identity or expression as well as sexual orientation. Hundreds of school districts around the country have policies clearly prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity or expression or sexual orientation. Pittsburgh Public School has a policy in place that protects the rights of transgender students.
Title IX is a federal law prohibiting sex discrimination in schools. Courts and the U.S. Departments of Justice and Education have concluded that discrimination because a person is transgender or gender non-conforming is illegal sex discrimination. Title IX applies to all schools (K-12 and post-secondary) that accept federal funds, including nearly all public schools. Complaints of discrimination or harassment can be filed with the U.S. Department of Education.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act protects personal information about students in school records, and in most circumstances prohibits release of this information without consent.
The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution protects the right of students to free speech and freedom of expression, including expression of one’s gender identity.
The Equal Access Act requires all school-affiliated student organizations, such as a Gay- Straight Alliance or Pride Alliance, to be treated equally. This means that schools cannot ban certain types of groups or single them out for worse treatment.